Maine’s student success indicator, chronic absenteeism is one of four (4) indicators utilized in Maine’s Model of School Supports and is used for all grades, K-12. Chronic absenteeism in Maine is defined as missing ten percent (10%) of enrolled school days where the student has been enrolled in the school for at least ten (10) days.
Is chronic absenteeism new?
At the state, district, school, and classroom levels Maine educators are committed to creating a culture of support and encouragement for families with children experiencing challenges with consistently attending school. In the past, Maine has focused on Average Daily Attendance (ADA). Average daily attendance records the number of students on average, who are in attendance at school on a daily basis. Although ADA data is beneficial to track, when conducting a more detailed analysis of data, ADA often masks students who are regularly or chronically absent from school. Maine has therefore determined that chronic absenteeism would be a data point collected beginning in the 2016/17 school year.
What does this look like in Maine?
Schools in Maine are examining their attendance data. On a daily basis, students are marked present or absent from school. In order to be present, the student must have attended 50% of their scheduled school day. One important item to note: excused absences (absences where a parent/guardian sends a note into school explaining the absence) and unexcused absences (absences where a parent/guardian provides no communication regarding the absence) both count as an absence.
Why is Maine using chronic absenteeism?
Research indicates a high correlation between chronic absenteeism and academic achievement however, the negative impact of being chronically absent isn’t only felt by the student who is absent, it can also impact the student who is present. Absent students lose valuable instruction time during the school day however, when students are chronically absent, teachers must reteach the same material during the school day, to students who missed out. This takes away from key instructional time and may impact overall student engagement and student achievement. In short, all learners in a school or classroom environment are impacted by chronic absenteeism.
How does this impact parents, students and schools and what can they do?
As schools examine chronic absenteeism data in more detail:
- If your child is frequently absent from school, you may receive increased communication regarding your child’s attendance behavior and increased availability for support.
- You may see increased district communication regarding attendance; every day counts.
- You may see an increased focus and emphasis on family engagement and relationship building between the school and the family .
What can you do?
Ensure your child is in school every day. Obviously there are days when your child is sick and should remain home; however, scheduling personal appointments outside of the school day and taking vacations during school vacation breaks are two strategies that parents can immediately address to promote and encourage daily attendance. Communicate with the school should your child or the family experience issues that may impact their attendance or where you may require support.
- Individual students will not be identified publicly as being chronically absent.
- There may be an Increased emphasis on relationship building between students and school staff.
What can students do?
Be engaged – develop relationships/friendships with peers and school staff. Share with parents and school staff when you are experiencing challenges or issues at school. Communicate.
- Student data will be collected and combined to determine the percentage of students who are absent for more than 10% of enrolled school days.
- This data will be utilized as an indicator within Maine’s Model of School Supports and will assist the Maine DOE in providing supports to schools experiencing challenges in the area of chronic absenteeism.
- Availability of professional development and learning opportunities to provide best practice strategies in assisting schools address challenges related to chronic absenteeism.
What can schools do?
Continue to build engagement and relationships with families and students with frequent, sustained two-way communication. The school leadership team should examine data on a regular basis at the school, classroom, and individual student level and make a determination on how the school will inform parents of current absence rates. Seek supports and professional learning from the Maine DOE and other agencies and organizations.
How will chronic absenteeism data be presented on the school report card?
The school as a whole will receive a performance measure related to the percentage of students who are missing more than 10% of their scheduled school days. Chronic absenteeism rates will never be reported at the student level. The Maine DOE or the school will never identify your child publicly as being chronically absent.
The school level descriptors for chronic absenteeism are as follows:
School Level Indicator Descriptors
|All eligible student group populations have a chronic absenteeism rate of 10% or higher||One or more eligible student group populations have a chronic absenteeism rate of less than 10%||All eligible student group populations have a chronic absenteeism rate of less than 10%||All eligible student group populations have a chronic absenteeism rate of 5% or less|
Where eligible student groups include: Asian, Black, Hispanic/Latino, Two or More Races, White, Students with Disabilities, Economically Disadvantaged, Migrant students, Homeless students, English Learners and Parent in Military on Active Duty.
Chronic absenteeism data will be presented on the initial page of the report card in the following way:
To assist parents and community members in understanding chronic absenteeism, the report card provides “hover over” features that explain the definition of the performance level.
Parents, educators and community members also have the opportunity to examine chronic absenteeism data by student group and to see the progress the school is making in reducing instances of chronic absenteeism school wide.
Download the Maine DOE’s Chronic Absenteeism Info Graphic as an additional resource.
For further information or questions contact, Interim Director of Learning Systems Janette Kirk at (207) 624-6707 or Janette.Kirk@maine.gov.